This historic party is known for starting the hip hop movement. DJ Kool Herc also introduced the “breakbeat” DJ technique – a mixing practice he borrowed from Jamaican dub music
Brooklyn “Go-Go Boy” Francis Grasso is widely credited as the first DJ to successfully attempt what we now understand as mixing, first lengthening records by playing two copies back-to-back, and eventually transitioned between them on Rek-O-Kut and Thorens turntables.
Rane Mixer, used by Grandmaster Flash.
The concept can be traced back at least to the Dadaists of the 1920s, but was popularized in the late 1950s and early 1960s by the writer William S. Burroughs. It has since been used in a variety of contexts.
Who was Kurtis Blow? One of the first artists to bring hip hop into the mainstream music market. His success at Mercury Records showed record labels that hip-hop could be successful.
Who invented hip hop? The birth of hip-hop is believed to date back to August 11, 1973, when DJ Kool Herc, real name Clive Campbell, and his friend threw a back-to-school party in the Bronx, New York. 18-year-old Campbell and his friend Coke La Rock are often credited as the fathers of hip-hop.
Hip-hop and rap have many important influences – R&B, funk, soul, jazz, rock and roll artists; poets and writers like Iceberg Slim; and stylistic ancestors like Muhammad Ali and Richard Pryor.
DJ Kool Herc is the father of breakbeat, the DJ practice of isolating and repeating “breaks,” the most danceable parts of songs; Breakbeats form the basis of modern hip-hop.
1971: Alex Rosner designs the first DJ mixer. The mixer, which Rosner named Rosie, was specially designed for the Haven Club. Alex Rosner’s DJ Mixer Rosie gave the DJ the ability to mix two turntables for the first time. The mixer had a microphone input and a headphone output, all controllable by the DJ.
1971: The first true DJ mixer is designed by Alex Rosner for the Haven Club. Although never commercially available, “Rosie” offered the ability to mix two turntables, as well as a microphone input and the ability to assign one of the sound sources to a headphone output.
The clave (/ˈklɑːveɪ, kleɪv/; Spanish: [ˈklaβe]) is a rhythmic pattern used in Cuban music as a tool for temporal organization.
1973. DJ Kool Herc is a Jamaican-born DJ who is now widely considered the father of hip hop. It all started in 1973 when he developed the technique of mixing backwards and fourths between two identical records to lengthen the gap. Turntablism was born from this.
For many hip-hop connoisseurs, the DJs Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash and Afrika Bambaataa are the forefathers of turntablism. Through practice, they developed extremely high levels of hand-eye coordination and an uncanny ability to find precise points in a song by dropping the needle on a record.
DJs act as the A&Rs of the party scene; they know how to play, what’s hot, and when to skip titles that aren’t hot. The hip hop DJ’s original mission was to rock the house, and his ability to keep the dance floor full depended on his or her record choices.
Scratching: Although the invention of scratching records as a supplement to musical entertainment is generally credited to the Grand Magician Theodore, Grandmaster Flash perfected the technique and brought it to new audiences.