Billy Collins expands on the epigraph, the subject being Praise for a lover (or loved one) using comparative metaphors. A litany is a repetitive series of statements, often associated with Christian rituals, in which the call and response – from priest and congregation – lead to a series of formal dialogues.
Initially a prayer or entreaty used in formal and religious processions, the litany has more recently been adopted as a poetic form cataloging a number. This form usually contains repetitive phrases or movements, sometimes mimicking call-and-response.
“Litany” begins with an inscription reflecting his thoughts, and he reproduces those thoughts in his poem. The poet has used the modern expression to woo his lover who does not answer.
A big exception is the poem “Litany” by Billy Collins. “Litany” was originally published in the February 2002 issue of Poetry magazine and was included in Collins’ book Nine Horses: Poems later that year.
Litany is a type of love poem, a series of metaphorical comparisons between the speaker, the first person “I”, and another person who is a lover, wife, husband, girlfriend, boyfriend, loved one, a Could be a friend or a mate, mate, a deity, even a pet and so on and so on. The tone is pretty ambiguous.
If someone lists all the things wrong with their house, this is an example of a litany of complaints about their house. A set of fixed invocations and responses used as a prayer. A ritual liturgical prayer in which a series of prayers recited by a leader alternate with responses from the congregation.
Burnt Norton as part of the ‘Four Quartet’
‘East Coker’ represents earth, ‘The Dry Salvages’ represents water and ‘Little Gidding’ represents fire. Each poem addresses the themes of time and redemption using the imagery of its associated element.
In the Catholic Church, six litanies are authorized for public prayer: The Litany of the Holy Name of Jesus.
Four Quartets are four interconnected meditations whose common theme is man’s relationship to time, the universe and the divine.
A list poem contains a listing of people, places, things, or ideas organized in a particular way. Often the title tells what the list is about. It doesn’t necessarily have to contain rhythm or rhyme, but each word should be carefully chosen and memorable.
Non-metric, non-rhyming lines that closely follow the natural rhythm of speech. A regular pattern of sound or rhythm may emerge in free lines of verse, but the poet does not adhere to a metrical plan in composing it.
Haiku, unrhyming poetic form composed of 17 syllables arranged in three lines of 5, 7 and 5 syllables respectively.
Definition of Litany
1 : a prayer consisting of a series of invocations and supplications by the leader with alternating responses from the congregation the Litany of the Saints. 2a: a resonant or repetitive chant, a litany of cheering phrases – Herman Wouk.
Litanies are simple, ancient forms of prayer that use repeated statements in response to entreaties, praise, intercession, praise, or blessings. They are used in public liturgical services and in private prayer. A litany can be a prayer for help, praise, forgiveness, thanksgiving or blessing.
Litany is a series of brief entreaties and exhortations sung or spoken by the deacon or priest, to which the people respond with the Kyrie eleison: Grant this, Lord: Thee, Lord. The litany originated in 4th century Antioch and from there was carried to Constantinople and through it to the rest of the East.