Native to China, Taiwan, and the Philippines, the Chinese pistachio grows at a moderate pace (13-24 inches (33-61 cm) per year) and is relative durable. It is also tolerant of many soil types as well as being drought tolerant with roots that grow deep into the soil.
Is the Chinese pistachio a messy tree? no It is a deciduous tree so after their spectacular fall display the leaves will fall off and may need to be raked together. The berries are small enough to be inconsequential and don’t make a mess under the tree.
From late November through December, this beautiful tree puts on a dramatic show of bright red, orange and yellow leaves – best when set against other trees that sport contrasting dark green foliage. The Chinese pistachio loses its old leaves over the winter and is fully summer green for a short time.
Identifying pistachio flowers
Both sexes of the Chinese pistachio flower in spring before the leaves sprout. According to Virginia Tech, the male cola has taut, bunched branches about 2 1/2 inches long. The female cola has looser, open branches about 6 to 8 inches long.
Birds love the colorful fruits of the Chinese pistache, which ripen on female trees in October. Autumn is the best time to plant one or more of these magnificent trees in your landscape.
No part of the pistachio berry tree, from the roots to the bark to the berries of the tree, poses a poisoning hazard to dogs. The toxic element found in other members of the Anacardiaceae family, urushiol, is present in very small amounts in the Chinese pistachio tree.
Chinese pistache has a deep taproot system. Morphologically, the roots of the Chinese pistache consist of a solid, cylindrical main root known as the primary root, from which emerge additional root branches known as the secondary and tertiary roots.
Other trees planted too close to your Chinese pistachio may partially shade the tree, which will not encourage the best fall color. Male or female? Female Chinese pistachio produces a pretty little red seed in the fall, but generally does not turn as red as a male Chinese pistachio.
Plant in full sun in deep soil with good drainage. Let the soil dry on the surface between waterings to avoid a soggy soil. Apply water once every 7-10 days in summer and reduce to once a month in winter.
Mature size. The Chinese pistachio is 25–35′ tall and 25–35′ wide when ripe.
Improper watering or watering – Chinese pistachio trees do not tolerate “wet feet,” so they need well-drained soil to thrive. Even with established Chinese pistachio trees, improper watering is one of the most common problems and can cause your tree to shed its leaves.
In simple terms, this means that they are not self-pollinating. A tree will have either male or female flowers, and you’ll need one of each if you want to actually produce pistachios, which are the product of female trees. Commercial nurseries will identify male and female trees.
You should prune to remove dead, dying, broken, or diseased limbs. Remove these at the transition to the trunk or just above a leaf node. If you are pruning Chinese pistachios to keep them healthy, consider whether branch thinning is needed.
Buying tips. Trees 6-8 feet tall with a trunk diameter of 1.5 inches are probably the ideal size for most homeowners. There can be variation in fall color of seedlings, usually ranging in color intensity from good to spectacular.
Size: The mature tree canopy can grow 35 to 50 feet tall and 30 feet wide. Growth is usually slow for the first two to three years of planting and then grows two to three feet a year.